What is the meaning of term hypertension?

Ans: hypertension is the medical term used for high blood pressure (BP). Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by flowing blood on the walls of the blood vessels. It is usually measured by tying a pressure cough over the arm with either a manual or a digital measuring apparatus. A usual BP measurement gives two readings i.e. systolic (the higher value) and diastolic (the lower value).

How does it affect our health?

Ans: both high BP(hypertension) and very low BP (termed as hypotension) can be deleterious to health. BP measurement of 120 systolic and 80 diastolic is usually considered to be normal. Hypertension is usually diagnosed when BP is more than 140 systolic and /or more than 90 diastolic. Hypertension
affects a number of body organs of which Kidneys, heart and brain are prominent. Long standing uncontrolled hypertension can cause significant kidney damage and increase incidence of heart diseases. Sudden rise in BP can be a precipitating factor for stroke or paralysis.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Hypertension does not usually cause symptoms in initial stages. Very high BP can sometimes cause headaches, blurred vision, nosebleeds, difficult breathing, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, blood in the urine, confusion, or pounding in the chest, neck, or ears.

How is hypertension related to kidneys?

Ans: blood pressure regulation in our body is primarily done through kidneys. Heart and nervous system also play some role in BP regulation. Both hypertension and kidney diseases affect each other. Long standing hypertension is one of the leading causes of kidney failure, at the same time majority of kidney failure patients tend to have high blood pressure which is often difficult to control.

What is the best way to treat hypertension?

Ans: hypertension has primarily become a lifestyle disease and is therefore affecting large number of people. According to recent estimates one in five young adults in india is suffering from hypertension. Every year 17 th may is celebrated as world hypertension day to raise awareness about the problem in general public. Adopting a healthy lifestyle is the most important measure for both prevention and treatment of hypertension. Low salt diet, daily exercise, cutting down on alcohol and smoking are useful in controlling BP before initiation of medicines. Home BP monitoring is nowadays recommended for proper management of hypertension. Timely evaluation for complications related to long standing hypertension is advisable under the guidance of a qualified physician. In persons with onset of hypertension before the age of 30 years evaluation for identifying cause must be done by a specialist since this can be a sign of serious illness like kidney diseases.


A human body has two kidneys that are a part of the excretory system, and they are responsible for filtering waste materials, minerals, and maintaining a proper fluid balance in the body. But due to some disease, your kidney may fail to function correctly. Due to the improper functioning of the kidney, the waste starts getting accumulated in the body and leads to the failure of both kidneys and ultimately causing death.

A kidney transplant is an effective treatment to avoid the complications that arise due to the dysfunctioning of the kidneys. Yet, in our country, there are gross misconceptions and myths related to the kidney transplant that discredits the treatment causing the respective patient to suffer in grief.

Myths vs Facts

Here we are busting the common myths and misconceptions that prevail related to kidney transplant fiving a reality check.

Myth 1: Kidney transplant is costlier as compared to dialysis


Dialysis is the process of removing waste materials and toxins from the blood and can be life long in many patients. The medical expense on kidney transplant is not even close to one-third of the life-long spending on dialysis.It’s better to pay one time for your treatment rather than paying for a lifetime that guarantees not much of a cure.

Myth 2: Higher probability of kidney transplant failure 


With every hospital embracing modern technology, the success rates of kidney transplant surgery have become as high as 95%. The failures are getting close to nil, making the process much safer and practically proven an optimal solution to avoid kidney failures and chances of death.

Myth 3: Anybody can donate the kidney


The kidney transplantation can be conducted only with the kidney of the patient’s relatives and in case the donor is not the relative then the processing may take time. In both cases, legal formalities are required in our country.

Myth 4: Donating a kidney is dangerous


The donor can resume his normal lifestyle routine within 2-3 weeks of the surgery and hospital stay for the donor is not more than 3-4 days. The risks or complications involved for the donor in the kidney transplant are close to none. Kidney transplant surgery is much less life-threatening than most of the healthcare surgeries.

Myth 5: Kidney transplant does not let you get pregnant


If a woman is a kidney donor, she need not to worry about being pregnant. There exists no such evidence that female donors cannot get pregnant after donating a kidney, but what matters is a waiting period of 3-6 months before you try to conceive. The time period just lets your body recover to house a young life healthily.

Myth 6: One can’t catch a kidney infection after kidney transplant


The patient housing a new kidney needs to strictly follow the guidelines of their respective orders to avoid catching a kidney infection. Because the chances of catching the infection are more and the condition can get worse.So, to avoid catching infections, the patient must follow a healthy diet, do regular exercise and reside in a clean & hygienic environment.

Myth 7: Restrictions are imposed on the donor’s diet


Donors are not subjected to any restrictions on the meal. Yes, for a specific time donors need to eat what their doctors suggest else there are no restrictions, and the donor needs to consume a healthy diet.

Myth 8: You can’t undergo a kidney transplant if you are on dialysis for a longer period


The early you decide to get the kidney transplant, the better the quality of life you live. Accompanying the healthy lifestyle, you get to live longer. Even if the patient decides to get the transplant after a more extended period of dialysis, he/she still reaps the benefits of the new kidney. 

Myth 9: Donating a kidney decreases the life expectancy of the donor


Pieces of evidence are enough to prove that kidney donors outlive ordinary people when it comes to life expectancy. Also, the estimated risk of kidney failure among donors is lower as compared to the general population. They live a much healthier life than the general population. 

Myth 10: Kidney transplant is your last resort


Most of the doctors recommend the patients not to choose dialysis over kidney transplants because dialysis can put you in medical beds for the entire life where the chances are on the higher side when one opts for the transplantation process. The treatment is an assurance of longer and healthier life.

The bottom line

Every surgical treatment has its own sets of challenges and rewards. But, without thorough research or knowledge about the procedure, you should not believe in everything said or read.If you are suffering from kidney disease or your loved one is, it’s better you go for what your doctor recommends and not what people say.Most studies have found how the benefits of kidney transplants supersede the dialysis process by giving both long healthy life and saving you from paying a considerable amount as medical expenses. With years of experience and immense contribution to revolutionizing healthcare, Ojas Hospital is the foremost medical institution performing kidney transplant surgeries with higher success rates. We have experienced kidney specialists in Chandigarh who are performing successful kidney transplantation for years.We prioritize your health and your wealth by giving the best optimal solutions and guidance related to kidney diseases. Deeply rooted in the code of ethics and values and with best kidney doctors in Chandigarh,  our institution works to provide the best health care facility and not fulfil its business objectives.


Dr Ajay Goyal is an expert in the field of Nephrology and Renal Transplant medicine. He is specialist in management of diseases related to kidneys. He has 16 years of Clinical Experience behind him



Kidney Care Centre,

SCO 137, Sector 14,

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